Forms and Types of Fine Art

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Various works of art around us, have poly variety. The diversity can be vented based on its shape, color, raw materials, sense of manufacture, benefits or utilization. From so many varieties earlier, experts make classifications about the types of fine art works. Classification of its type is the distinction between the characteristics of one work with another. For example in animals, classification can be based on gender, there are males there are females, according to the characteristics of their limbs, the color of their skin and so on. Likewise, in terms of fine art, we can distinguish the type according to its function and form. Based on its dimensions, fine art works are divided into two, namely, 2-dimensional works and three-dimensional works. 2-dimensional artwork is a fine art work that has 2 sizes (length and width) while three-dimensional artwork has 3 sizes (length, width and thick) or has space.

Based on its usefulness or benefits, fine art works are classified into pure art (pure art, fine art) and used art (useful art / applied art). Pure art (fine art) is a work of art created solely to enjoy aesthetics or uniqueness only, without or almost without having an easy function. Useful art (applied art) is a work of art whose formation principle follows an exclusive function in everyday life Apart from its dimensions and uses, fine art works can also be categorized from the theme. The theme can be said to be the main thought or problem that underlies the activity (in this case the activity of art). In the creation of fine art for example, known the themes of “effort”, “humanity”, “religious”, “biological environment”, “marine”, “health”, “social” etc. From these themes can be described as titles, for example “mother & child”, “beggar”, “rose”, etc. As for what is meant by “style” in a work of fine art, is a model of appearance based on a work. Examples include:

1. Decorative style, which is the appearance of the work that prioritizes the aesthetics of lines, fields of color. The color in the field of nir has a detailed impression of dark, but flat / flat only. The line is worked smoothly, neatly. The shape does not obey the original object, but is engineered for aesthetics. 2. Naturalist style, which is the appearance of a work that explains the artist’s precision in describing objects in detail, in accordance with their original shape (haslinya resembles the results of shooting). three. Formless style, that is, the appearance / existence of a work that is not – reminiscent of the shape or object that exists in nature. What appears in the painting for example is only the composition of the color-hue or field; on the statue only appears a piece of three-dimensional free form. 4. Distillation style, that is, the appearance of objects using scrambling or creating latifs, with twisting lines, circles so that they appear latif (in this case, distillation can be seen partly based on the decoration). The style of distillation is commonly formed on decorations or ornaments of classical Indonesian ornamental art (note batik motifs, decorations on the edges of the Qur’an frame, scratches on furniture)

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Painting is the processing of elements of fine art such as lines, fields, hues & textures in a 2-dimensional field. Activities that resemble painting have long been known in Indonesia, but the naming or word painting is a word that comes from the West. Activities that resemble painting can also be claimed traditional painting. Some examples according to traditional painting works can be seen in various regions in Indonesia such as glass painting in Cirebon, Kamasan painting in Bali, painting in bark made by the community in Irian Jaya etc. As for the painting that we know today is formed on canvas, it can be called modern painting. Some of Indonesia’s latest painting artists whose names have been known to foreign countries include Affandi, Popo Iskandar, Fajar Sidik, Nanna Banna etc.

Sculpture works are realized through the processing of elements of fine art in a 3-dimensional field. Materials & embodiment techniques on multifaceted sculpture artwork. The materials used can be natural materials such as wood & stone, metal materials such as iron & bronze or synthetic materials such as resin plastic and fibre glass (glass fibers). While the technique used is adjusted using the materials used such as carving, carving, cast techniques etc.

Like painting, sculpture has also been known in Indonesia since prehistoric times. Almost every region in Indonesia has a tradition of making sculptures. In traditional folk, the manufacture of sculptures is often associated with religious activities such as worship on five.

divine or ancestral spirits. In modern sculpture artworks, the creation of sculpture artwork is an individual expression of an artist. Some of Indonesia’s newest sculpture artists include: Sunaryo, Sidharta, and Nyoman Nuarta.

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Graphic art is a branch of fine art that belongs to a two-dimensional form. Different from using painting which is generally a single work, the peculiarity according to graphic works is its nature that can be reproduced or propagated. In the beginning, graphic art was a skill to print or multiply writing. According to using the printing process, graphic artwork is divided into four types:

The principle of this print is that the inked part is the highest part. This section when described or printed, the ink or image will move to the surface of the paper. Based on the materials & senses used in high prints are known several types of molds such as wood cut, cukilan lino (lino cut), tera wood (wood engraving) and cukilan other materials such as rubber or plastic.

The principle of printing on is the output of the print obtained from the gap of the section line on the basis of the cliché plate instead of the high part such as stamp or stamp. This printing technique is the opposite according to the high printing technique. The printed reference used is a copper or zinc plate that is inscribed or given depth for the ink holder. Depth is formed using sharp and powerful incisors and or using chemicals. Some types of prints include deep printing: direct friction (drypoint), aquatin (aquatint), & mezzotin (mezzotint engraving). An infographicist sometimes combines various techniques at once in the manufacturing process to obtain the special effects he wants.

Filter printing is also claimed to be serigraphic or screen printing. As the name implies, this print principle is to print images through a filter that is given certain restrictions. Filter printing is widely known to the public through objects that are often found everyday such as its application on the manufacture of T-shirts, banners, flags, etc.

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The process of flat printing or planography is to utilize the different properties of oil and water and mold molds made of stone (lithography) or zinc. Ink is only collected in the printed part that has been drawn using fatty pinsil and the transfer of images is done with specific senses. It is this lithography technique that inspired the basic principles of the latest printing presses.

a. Understanding Kria Art Kria art is the result of physical culture that was born because of the challenges of the environment and self kriawan. Kria art is defined as the output of human creativity through hand skills to meet their physical and spiritual needs, and is usually made from natural materials. The creation of a good kria work is based on conditions of utility and aesthetics (beauty). The condition of beauty consists of aspects of comfort, flexibility and tranquility. The relationship between form, function and beauty is also the principle of creation that must be owned by a person. Kria artwork has its own characteristics that are influenced by the skills and creativity of kriawan, materials, tools, functions & techniques of its creation. These aspects are related to each other.

Kria grow & develop is determined by the factors of plant wealth & fauna and other natural materials. The primary outputs of Indonesian kria art consist of textile and fiber kria including batik & weaving, woven and plant, bamboo kria, pottery kria & pottery (ceramic) wood kria, metal, leather, glass etc. 8

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