Jacques Lipchitz

Born 1891, Druskininkai, Lithuania, Russian Empire

Died 1973, Capri, Italy


Early life   Studies engineering under the influence of his father.

1909   Moves to Paris to study at the École des Beaux-Arts and the Académie Julian.   

1909-1911   Joins the artistic communities of Montmartre and Montparnasse, working alongside artists such as Juan Gris, Pablo Picasso, and Amedeo Modigliani.  

1912   Begins creating Cubist sculpture, and exhibits at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts and the Salon d'Automne. 

1920   Holds his first solo show at Léonce Rosenberg's Galerie L’Effort Moderne in Paris. 

1922   Is commissioned by the Barnes Foundation in Pennsylvania to create five reliefs.

1920s   Experiments with abstract forms called transparent sculptures before developing a more dynamic style with bronze compositions of figures and animals.

Early 1940s   Flees France with the assistance of American journalist Varian Fry and moves to the United States to escape the Nazi regime.  Settles in Hastings-on-Hudson, New York.

Summer 1949  Exhibits as one of 250 sculptors at the Third Sculpture International Exhibition of the Philadelphia Museum of Art. 

1954   Retrospective exhibition travels from The Museum of Modern Art, New York to the Walker Art Center (Minneapolis) and the Cleveland Museum of Art.

1959   Exhibits a series of small bronzes, To the Limit of the Possible, at the Fine Arts Associates in New York.

1963   Returns to Europe several months of this year; works in Pietrasanta, Italy.

1972   Publishes his autobiography.