Born 1891, Druskininkai, Lithuania, Russian Empire
Died 1973, Capri, Italy
Early life Studies engineering under the influence of his father.
1909 Moves to Paris to study at the École des Beaux-Arts and the Académie Julian.
1909-1911 Joins the artistic communities of Montmartre and Montparnasse, working alongside artists such as Juan Gris, Pablo Picasso, and Amedeo Modigliani.
1912 Begins creating Cubist sculpture, and exhibits at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts and the Salon d'Automne.
1920 Holds his first solo show at Léonce Rosenberg's Galerie L’Effort Moderne in Paris.
1922 Is commissioned by the Barnes Foundation in Pennsylvania to create five reliefs.
1920s Experiments with abstract forms called transparent sculptures before developing a more dynamic style with bronze compositions of figures and animals.
Early 1940s Flees France with the assistance of American journalist Varian Fry and moves to the United States to escape the Nazi regime. Settles in Hastings-on-Hudson, New York.
Summer 1949 Exhibits as one of 250 sculptors at the Third Sculpture International Exhibition of the Philadelphia Museum of Art.
1954 Retrospective exhibition travels from The Museum of Modern Art, New York to the Walker Art Center (Minneapolis) and the Cleveland Museum of Art.
1959 Exhibits a series of small bronzes, To the Limit of the Possible, at the Fine Arts Associates in New York.
1963 Returns to Europe several months of this year; works in Pietrasanta, Italy.
1972 Publishes his autobiography.