Georg Grosz

Born 1893, Berlin, Germany

Died 1959, Berlin, Germany

 

1902   Starts secondary school.  After his father’s death in 1900, Grosz's time was split between Berlin and Pomerania. 

1909   Begins his studies at the Royal Academy of Art in Dresden, specializing in graphic art and focusing on satirical magazines. 

1912   Joins the graphic art course at the College of Arts and Crafts in Berlin.

1913   Spends several months in Paris.  His drawings focus on crimes and erotic subjects and his cartoons are published in various periodicals. 

1916   Changes his name from Gross to Groz, in protest against nationalism.  The same year, he creates his first oil paintings. 

World War I   Volunteers for the army, but is discharged because of an operation.  During the war, Grosz met many artists and intellectuals that would be part of the Berlin Dada movement (founded in 1917). 

1918   Joins the Berlin “November Group,” and shortly thereafter, the Communist Party.

1919   Starts a magazine with publisher Wieland Herzfelde called “Die Pleite.”  The drawings he creates are satirical and criticize the bourgeois society. 

1921   Charged with defamation for his album entitled “Gott mit uns” (God with us).

1924   Prosecuted for offenses against public morality for his album “Ecce Homo.”  Becomes chairman of the artists’ Red Group. 

1928   His drawing “Shut up and keep serving the cause” brings him accusations of blasphemy.  Co-founds the German Association of Revolutionary Artists. 

1932   Lectures at the Arts Students’ League in New York. 

1933   Moves to the United States with his family.  His art drastically changes and he no longer attacks society with his works. 

1936   Stops teaching at the Art Students’ League.

1937-39   Receives a Guggenheim fellowship, allowing him to devote time to his own career.

1938   After losing his German citizenship, many of his works are burned by the Nazis. 

1946   His autobiography, A Little Yes and Big No, is published.

1954   Elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters.

1958   Elected to the Academy of Fine Arts in Germany.  His last few works were collages that encompassed his Dada style along with attributes of the current Pop Art movement.

1959   Returns to Berlin, where he dies shortly thereafter.