Carlos Cruz-Diez

Born 1923, Caracas, Venezuela


1940-45   Studies at the School of Fine Arts in Caracas.

1946-1955   Artistic director of the Venezuelan branch of the McCann-Erickson Advertising Agency.

1947   First one-man exhibition at the Instituto Venezolano Americano, Caracas.

1953-55   Illustrator for the daily El Nacional of Venezuela.

1955-56   While living in Barcelona, he makes trips to Paris where he studies the physical properties of color. 

1957   Opens a studio of visual arts and industrial design in Caracas.  His style changes from abstraction to geometrical forms. 

1958-60   Becomes the Assistant Director of the School of Fine Arts in Caracas and professor at the Central University of Venezuela. 

1959   His experimentation with color leads to the creation of his first “physichromies.”

1960   Moves to Paris and becomes associated with Sergio Camargo, Jesús Rafael Soto and other Latin-American artists who work there.  His later works encompass environmental installations.

1970   Is the only representative from Venezuela in the 1970 Biennale.