Lygia Clark

Born 1920, Belo Horizonte, Brazil

Died 1988, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


1947   Studies art in Rio de Janeiro, under the guidance of Roberto Burle Marx and Zélia Salgado.  

1950   Travels to Paris, studies with Arpad Szènes, Dobrinsky and Fernand Léger.  Her works focus on her children as subjects.  

1952   First solo exhibition at the Institut Endoplastique in Paris.  Returns to Rio de Janeiro.  

1954   Becomes one of the founders of the Grupo Frente.  Her series “Compositions” is presented at the Venice Biennal.  

1955-1957   Presents her “Modulated Surfaces” series.

1956-1958   Presents her “Planes on Modulated Surfaces” series.  The series focus on commuting painting away from the claustrophobic space of the frame.  Clark wants each geometric figure to be projected beyond the limits of support.  

1959   Signs the Neoconcrete Manifesto with Amilcar de Castro, Gullar, Franz Weissmann, Lygia Pape, Reynaldo Jardim and Theon Spanudis.  

1960   Creates the series “Creatures,” consisting of hinged aluminum sculptures.  These works promote interaction from the viewer, inviting him or her to discover the ways that the structure opens through manipulation of various parts.  

1961   Wins the award for best sculpture at the Sixth National Biennial of São Paulo.  

1968   Is invited to exhibit in a special room at the Venice Biennale.  Presents “The House is the Body” at MAM-RJ.  

1972   Teaches a course on gestural communication at the Sorbonne.  Her classes consist of actual collective experiences, integrating art and life and incorporating her students’ creativity.  

1976   Returns to Rio de Janeiro.  Begins working with patients using the “Relational Objects” experience to deal with the individual’s “memory file” and allowing him or her to express themselves through the sensory.   

1981   Begins to decrease her activities.

1983   Publication of a limited edition of “Artwork Book,” consisting of texts written by Clark as well as structures depicting the trajectory of her work since her first creations to her final neo-concrete phase.  

1986   The IX Hall of Plastic Art takes place in the Imperial Palace of Rio de Janiero, with a special room dedicated to Clark and Helio Oiticica.