Marc Chagall

Born 1887, Vitebsk, Belarus

Died 1985, Saint Paul de Vence, France


1890s   Shows interest in art very early on in life. His mother helps him gain acceptance to a St. Petersburg art school.

1900s   Returns to Vitebsk and becomes engaged to Bella Rosenfeld.

1910   Leaves for Paris. In Paris, he was a tenant at La Ruche, and met many artists including Amedeo Modigliani. His influences range from the Fauves, Cubism, Robert Delaunay, and the Luminists of the Section D’Or.

1914   Returns to Vitebsk at the start of World War One.

1915   Marries Bella Rosenfeld.

1917   Is appointed provincial Commissar for Fine Art and becomes involved in projects for a local academy.

1919   Leaves his appointment as Commissar to escape Kazimir Malevich’s revolutionary dictates. Stays in Moscow during this time, where he works in a Jewish theatre.

1920s   Moves to Berlin, where he learns the technique of engraving.

1923   Returns to Paris. Works for the publisher Ambroise Volard and illustrates Nikolai Gogol’s Dead Souls, Jean de La Fontaine’s Fables, and the Bible.

1941-1948   Flees in exile to New York, where he experiments with Surrealism.

1950s   Returns to France, where he discovers ceramics, sculpture and stained glass. Settles in Vence in the South of France in 1950.

1957   Commissioned for the Assy baptistery.

1960   Commissioned for the cathedrals of Metz and the Hebrew University Medical Centre synagogue in Jerusalem.

1963   Commissioned for the Paris Opera.

1966   Moves to Saint-Paul-de-Vence.

1973   The inauguration of The Musée Chagall in Nice takes place, sealing Chagall's fame.