Enrico Castellani

Born 1930, Castelmassa


1950s   Studies painting and sculpture at the Académie des Beaux-Arts and architecture at the École Nationale Supérieure in Belgium. 

1957   Returns to Italy; becomes acquainted with Italian avant-garde artists Piero Manzoni, Lucio Fontana, Vincenzo Agnetti and Agostino Bonalumi. Meets Yves Klein and the German artists group “Zero.”

1958   Joins the “Movimento Arte Nucleare” group.

1959   Exhibits his “Superficie Nera” works.  These creations are composed of canvases that Castellani works over with a nail gun to create a relief surface.  The canvases are typically monochrome. 

December 1959   Castellani and Manzoni open Galleria Azimut in Milan.  They also publish the journal “Azimuth” stating that their aims are to ensure art does not imitate.  Instead, art should possess its own authenticity.  Components of the work (light and shade, space) should not be elicited in viewers by means of sensory depiction.

1970s/1980s   Begins using other materials, such as aluminum in his “Superficie Nera.” 

1964   Works exhibited in a separate room at the Venice Biennale. 

1968   Participates in “documenta 4.”

1975   Moves to Cellano, near Viterbo, where he currently lives.