Born 1889, Stuttgart, Germany
Died 1955, Stuttgart, Germany
1905-1907 Works as an apprentice for a painter and decorator. After his apprenticeships, studies at the Kunstakademie, Stuttgart, under the guidance of Adolf Hölzel.
1914 Works with Oskar Schlemmer on a pictorial wall frieze for the Cologne Werkbund exhibition.
World War I Serves as a soldier in the Balkans and the Caucasus. Returns to Stuttgart after the war and works as a stage designer and architectural perspective artist.
1920s Becomes successful, as French critics compare his Wall Pictures to the art of Amédée Ozenfant and Fernand Léger. Wall Pictures consist of reliefs with large abstract configurations.
Early 1930s Creates Sports Pictures and later Ideograms, comprised of arrangements of simple signs.
Late 1930s Creates the Eidos Pictures, organized in a more complex manner than Ideograms.
1937 Four of his works displayed at the exhibition of Entartete Kunst in Munich.
1938-1944 Research of prehistoric painting techniques is his only work during this time.
1941 Is banned from exhibiting his work in Germany. His coded art dealing with pre-history leads to his dismissal from his teaching post at Städelsche Kunstschule in Frankfurt, a position he held since 1928.
1942 African series with a simplistic repetition of images to recount cultural rituals.
1946 Is appointed professor at the Kunstakademie, Stuttgart. Is allowed to show his works once again in Germany.
Post-WWII Metaphysical Landscapes which depict a shift in his work from mythologically based, somber pictures to more colorful, light abstractions.
1950s Becomes very popular, though his reputation fades in the 1960s.