Jean (Hans) Arp
Born 1886, Strasbourg, France
Died 1966, Basel, Switzerland
1904 Leaves the École des Arts et Métiers in Strasbourg to travel to Paris.
1905-1907 Studies at the Kunstschule in Germany.
1908 Returns to Paris to attend the Académie Julian.
1909 Moves to Switzerland.
1911 Founds Der Moderne Bund in Switzerland.
1912 Meets Vasily Kandinsky in Munich and Robert and Sonia Delaunay in Paris.
1913 Participates in the Erste deutsche Herbstsalon at the gallery Der Sturm, Berlin.
1914 Becomes acquainted with Guillaume Apollinaire, Max Jacob, Amadeo Modigliani, and Pablo Picasso.
1915 Moves to Zurich, Switzerland. Begins creations of collages and tapestries.
1916 Founds the Dada movement in Zürich, together with Marcel Janco, Tristan Tzara and other artists who were part of Hugo Ball’s Caberet Voltaire.
1919 Moves to Cologne.
1920 With Max Ernst and social activist Alfred Grünwald, Arp forms the Cologne Dada group.
1922 Marries Sophie Taeuber (later known as Sophie Tauber-Arp). Participates in the Kongress der Konstruktivisten in Weimar and the Exposition Internationale Dada at Galerie Montaigne, Paris.
1925 Despite his involvement in the Dada movement, Arp’s work appears in the first Surrealist exhibition at the Gálerie Pierre in Paris.
1926 Moves to Meudon, a suburb of Paris.
1931 Breaks away from Surrealism to form Abstraction-Création; begins creating small works which the viewer could rearrange into new formations.
1942 Moves to Zürich to escape German occupation in Meudon.
1943 Sophie Taeuber-Arp dies in Zürich.
1949 Solo exhibition at the Buchholz Gallery, New York.
1950 Is invited to execute a relief for the Harvard Graduate Center.
1954 Receives sculpture prize at the 1954 Venice Biennale.
1958 Retrospective exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art, New York.
1962 Retrospective exhibition at the Musée National d’Art Moderne, Paris, France.
1966 Arp dies in Basel, Switzerland.
1986 “The Universe of Jean Arp,” a 150 piece exhibition concludes at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art after an international, six-city tour.