Jean (Hans) Arp

Born 1886, Strasbourg, France

Died 1966, Basel, Switzerland


1904   Leaves the École des Arts et Métiers in Strasbourg to travel to Paris.

1905-1907   Studies at the Kunstschule in Germany.

1908   Returns to Paris to attend the Académie Julian.

1909   Moves to Switzerland. 

1911   Founds Der Moderne Bund in Switzerland. 

1912   Meets Vasily Kandinsky in Munich and Robert and Sonia Delaunay in Paris.

1913   Participates in the Erste deutsche Herbstsalon at the gallery Der Sturm, Berlin.

1914   Becomes acquainted with Guillaume Apollinaire, Max Jacob, Amadeo Modigliani, and Pablo Picasso.

1915   Moves to Zurich, Switzerland.  Begins creations of collages and tapestries. 

1916   Founds the Dada movement in Zürich, together with Marcel Janco, Tristan Tzara and other artists who were part of Hugo Ball’s Caberet Voltaire.

1919   Moves to Cologne. 

1920   With Max Ernst and social activist Alfred Grünwald, Arp forms the Cologne Dada group.

1922   Marries Sophie Taeuber (later known as Sophie Tauber-Arp).  Participates in the Kongress der Konstruktivisten in Weimar and the Exposition Internationale Dada at Galerie Montaigne, Paris. 

1925   Despite his involvement in the Dada movement, Arp’s work appears in the first Surrealist exhibition at the Gálerie Pierre in Paris.

1926   Moves to Meudon, a suburb of Paris.

1931   Breaks away from Surrealism to form Abstraction-Création; begins creating small works which the viewer could rearrange into new formations.

1942   Moves to Zürich to escape German occupation in Meudon.

1943   Sophie Taeuber-Arp dies in Zürich.

1949   Solo exhibition at the Buchholz Gallery, New York.

1950   Is invited to execute a relief for the Harvard Graduate Center. 

1954   Receives sculpture prize at the 1954 Venice Biennale.

1958   Retrospective exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art, New York.

1962   Retrospective exhibition at the Musée National d’Art Moderne, Paris, France.

1966   Arp dies in Basel, Switzerland.

1986   “The Universe of Jean Arp,” a 150 piece exhibition concludes at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art after an international, six-city tour.