Alexander (Aleksandr) Archipenko
Born 1887, Kiev, Ukraine
Died 1964, New York, New York
1902 Begins studying painting and sculpture at the School of Art in Kiev.
1905 Is forced to leave the school for criticizing the academicism of his instructors.
1906 Leaves for Moscow to participate in group exhibitions.
1908 Establishes himself in Paris and rejects the favored contemporary styles of the time. Studies for two weeks at the École des Beaux-Arts and leaves to teach himself sculpture by studying works in the Musée du Louvre.
1910 Begins exhibiting with the Cubists at the Salon des Indépendants.
1911-1913 Exhibits works at the Salon d’Automne.
1912 Opens his own art school in Paris.
1913 Exhibits at the New York Armory Show and various international Cubist exhibitions.
1914-1918 Produces his most inventive works during his residence at Cimiez, near Nice.
1918-1921 Travels extensively throughout Europe.
1921 Moves to and opens an Art School in Berlin.
1923 Moves to the United States and establishes an Art School in New York City.
1924 Starts a summer art program in Woodstock, New York which he would continue until his death.
1927 Is granted a patent for his invention of “peinture changeante,” which is a motorized mechanism used to produce variable images in a sequence.
1930s-1940s His style changes to encompass a more classical naturalism and he begins using traditional sculptural materials such as bronze, ceramics, and marble.
1950s His focus returns to more industrial materials in his execution of reliefs, with the use of polychrome and wood.